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strtodg.c

/****************************************************************

The author of this software is David M. Gay.

Copyright (C) 1998-2001 by Lucent Technologies
All Rights Reserved

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
copies and that both that the copyright notice and this
permission notice and warranty disclaimer appear in supporting
documentation, and that the name of Lucent or any of its entities
not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
distribution of the software without specific, written prior
permission.

LUCENT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL LUCENT OR ANY OF ITS ENTITIES BE LIABLE FOR ANY
SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF
THIS SOFTWARE.

****************************************************************/

/* Please send bug reports to David M. Gay (dmg at acm dot org,
 * with " at " changed at "@" and " dot " changed to ".").  */

#include "gdtoaimp.h"

#ifdef USE_LOCALE
#include "locale.h"
#endif

static const int
fivesbits[] = {    0,  3,  5,  7, 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21,
            24, 26, 28, 31, 33, 35, 38, 40, 42, 45,
            47, 49, 52
};

Bigint *increment (Bigint *b)
{
      ULong *x, *xe;
      Bigint *b1;
#ifdef Pack_16
      ULong carry = 1, y;
#endif

      x = b->x;
      xe = x + b->wds;
#ifdef Pack_32
      do {
            if (*x < (ULong)0xffffffffL) {
                  ++*x;
                  return b;
            }
            *x++ = 0;
      } while(x < xe);
#else
      do {
            y = *x + carry;
            carry = y >> 16;
            *x++ = y & 0xffff;
            if (!carry)
                  return b;
      } while(x < xe);
      if (carry)
#endif
      {
            if (b->wds >= b->maxwds) {
                  b1 = Balloc(b->k+1);
                  Bcopy(b1,b);
                  Bfree(b);
                  b = b1;
            }
            b->x[b->wds++] = 1;
      }
      return b;
}

void decrement (Bigint *b)
{
      ULong *x, *xe;
#ifdef Pack_16
      ULong borrow = 1, y;
#endif

      x = b->x;
      xe = x + b->wds;
#ifdef Pack_32
      do {
            if (*x) {
                  --*x;
                  break;
            }
            *x++ = 0xffffffffL;
      } while(x < xe);
#else
      do {
            y = *x - borrow;
            borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
            *x++ = y & 0xffff;
      } while(borrow && x < xe);
#endif
}

static int all_on (Bigint *b, int n)
{
      ULong *x, *xe;

      x = b->x;
      xe = x + (n >> kshift);
      while(x < xe)
            if ((*x++ & ALL_ON) != ALL_ON)
                  return 0;
      if (n &= kmask)
            return ((*x | (ALL_ON << n)) & ALL_ON) == ALL_ON;
      return 1;
}

Bigint *set_ones (Bigint *b, int n)
{
      int k;
      ULong *x, *xe;

      k = (n + ((1 << kshift) - 1)) >> kshift;
      if (b->k < k) {
            Bfree(b);
            b = Balloc(k);
      }
      k = n >> kshift;
      if (n &= kmask)
            k++;
      b->wds = k;
      x = b->x;
      xe = x + k;
      while(x < xe)
            *x++ = ALL_ON;
      if (n)
            x[-1] >>= ULbits - n;
      return b;
}

static int rvOK (dbl_union *d, FPI *fpi, Long *expo, ULong *bits,
                        int exact, int rd, int *irv)
{
      Bigint *b;
      ULong carry, inex, lostbits;
      int bdif, e, j, k, k1, nb, rv;

      carry = rv = 0;
      b = d2b(dval(d), &e, &bdif);
      bdif -= nb = fpi->nbits;
      e += bdif;
      if (bdif <= 0) {
            if (exact)
                  goto trunc;
            goto ret;
      }
      if (P == nb) {
            if (
#ifndef IMPRECISE_INEXACT
                  exact &&
#endif
                  fpi->rounding ==
#ifdef RND_PRODQUOT
                              FPI_Round_near
#else
                              Flt_Rounds
#endif
                  ) goto trunc;
            goto ret;
      }
      switch(rd) {
        case 1: /* round down (toward -Infinity) */
            goto trunc;
        case 2: /* round up (toward +Infinity) */
            break;
        default: /* round near */
            k = bdif - 1;
            if (k < 0)
                  goto trunc;
            if (!k) {
                  if (!exact)
                        goto ret;
                  if (b->x[0] & 2)
                        break;
                  goto trunc;
            }
            if (b->x[k>>kshift] & ((ULong)1 << (k & kmask)))
                  break;
            goto trunc;
      }
      /* "break" cases: round up 1 bit, then truncate; bdif > 0 */
      carry = 1;
 trunc:
      inex = lostbits = 0;
      if (bdif > 0) {
            if ( (lostbits = any_on(b, bdif)) !=0)
                  inex = STRTOG_Inexlo;
            rshift(b, bdif);
            if (carry) {
                  inex = STRTOG_Inexhi;
                  b = increment(b);
                  if ( (j = nb & kmask) !=0)
                        j = ULbits - j;
                  if (hi0bits(b->x[b->wds - 1]) != j) {
                        if (!lostbits)
                              lostbits = b->x[0] & 1;
                        rshift(b, 1);
                        e++;
                  }
            }
      }
      else if (bdif < 0)
            b = lshift(b, -bdif);
      if (e < fpi->emin) {
            k = fpi->emin - e;
            e = fpi->emin;
            if (k > nb || fpi->sudden_underflow) {
                  b->wds = inex = 0;
                  *irv = STRTOG_Underflow | STRTOG_Inexlo;
            }
            else {
                  k1 = k - 1;
                  if (k1 > 0 && !lostbits)
                        lostbits = any_on(b, k1);
                  if (!lostbits && !exact)
                        goto ret;
                  lostbits |=
                    carry = b->x[k1>>kshift] & (1 << (k1 & kmask));
                  rshift(b, k);
                  *irv = STRTOG_Denormal;
                  if (carry) {
                        b = increment(b);
                        inex = STRTOG_Inexhi | STRTOG_Underflow;
                  }
                  else if (lostbits)
                        inex = STRTOG_Inexlo | STRTOG_Underflow;
            }
      }
      else if (e > fpi->emax) {
            e = fpi->emax + 1;
            *irv = STRTOG_Infinite | STRTOG_Overflow | STRTOG_Inexhi;
            SET_ERRNO(ERANGE);
            b->wds = inex = 0;
      }
      *expo = e;
      copybits(bits, nb, b);
      *irv |= inex;
      rv = 1;
 ret:
      Bfree(b);
      return rv;
}

static int mantbits (dbl_union *d)
{
      ULong L;
      if ( (L = word1(d)) !=0)
            return P - lo0bits(&L);
      L = word0(d) | Exp_msk1;
      return P - 32 - lo0bits(&L);
}

int __strtodg (const char *s00, char **se, FPI *fpi, Long *expo, ULong *bits)
{
      int abe, abits, asub;
      int bb0, bb2, bb5, bbe, bd2, bd5, bbbits, bs2, c, decpt, denorm;
      int dsign, e, e1, e2, emin, esign, finished, i, inex, irv;
      int j, k, nbits, nd, nd0, nf, nz, nz0, rd, rvbits, rve, rve1, sign;
      int sudden_underflow;
      const char *s, *s0, *s1;
      double adj0, tol;
      Long L;
      union _dbl_union adj, rv;
      ULong *b, *be, y, z;
      Bigint *ab, *bb, *bb1, *bd, *bd0, *bs, *delta, *rvb, *rvb0;
#ifdef USE_LOCALE /*{{*/
#ifdef NO_LOCALE_CACHE
      char *decimalpoint = localeconv()->decimal_point;
      int dplen = strlen(decimalpoint);
#else
      char *decimalpoint;
      static char *decimalpoint_cache;
      static int dplen;
      if (!(s0 = decimalpoint_cache)) {
            s0 = localeconv()->decimal_point;
            if ((decimalpoint_cache = (char*)MALLOC(strlen(s0) + 1))) {
                  strcpy(decimalpoint_cache, s0);
                  s0 = decimalpoint_cache;
            }
            dplen = strlen(s0);
      }
      decimalpoint = (char*)s0;
#endif /*NO_LOCALE_CACHE*/
#else  /*USE_LOCALE}{*/
#define dplen 1
#endif /*USE_LOCALE}}*/

      irv = STRTOG_Zero;
      denorm = sign = nz0 = nz = 0;
      dval(&rv) = 0.;
      rvb = 0;
      nbits = fpi->nbits;
      for(s = s00;;s++) switch(*s) {
            case '-':
                  sign = 1;
                  /* no break */
            case '+':
                  if (*++s)
                        goto break2;
                  /* no break */
            case 0:
                  sign = 0;
                  irv = STRTOG_NoNumber;
                  s = s00;
                  goto ret;
            case '\t':
            case '\n':
            case '\v':
            case '\f':
            case '\r':
            case ' ':
                  continue;
            default:
                  goto break2;
      }
 break2:
      if (*s == '0') {
#ifndef NO_HEX_FP
            switch(s[1]) {
              case 'x':
              case 'X':
                  irv = gethex(&s, fpi, expo, &rvb, sign);
                  if (irv == STRTOG_NoNumber) {
                        s = s00;
                        sign = 0;
                  }
                  goto ret;
            }
#endif
            nz0 = 1;
            while(*++s == '0') ;
            if (!*s)
                  goto ret;
      }
      sudden_underflow = fpi->sudden_underflow;
      s0 = s;
      y = z = 0;
      for(decpt = nd = nf = 0; (c = *s) >= '0' && c <= '9'; nd++, s++)
            if (nd < 9)
                  y = 10*y + c - '0';
            else if (nd < 16)
                  z = 10*z + c - '0';
      nd0 = nd;
#ifdef USE_LOCALE
      if (c == *decimalpoint) {
            for(i = 1; decimalpoint[i]; ++i)
                  if (s[i] != decimalpoint[i])
                        goto dig_done;
            s += i;
            c = *s;
#else
      if (c == '.') {
            c = *++s;
#endif
            decpt = 1;
            if (!nd) {
                  for(; c == '0'; c = *++s)
                        nz++;
                  if (c > '0' && c <= '9') {
                        s0 = s;
                        nf += nz;
                        nz = 0;
                        goto have_dig;
                  }
                  goto dig_done;
            }
            for(; c >= '0' && c <= '9'; c = *++s) {
 have_dig:
                  nz++;
                  if (c -= '0') {
                        nf += nz;
                        for(i = 1; i < nz; i++)
                              if (nd++ < 9)
                                    y *= 10;
                              else if (nd <= DBL_DIG + 1)
                                    z *= 10;
                        if (nd++ < 9)
                              y = 10*y + c;
                        else if (nd <= DBL_DIG + 1)
                              z = 10*z + c;
                        nz = 0;
                  }
            }
      }/*}*/
 dig_done:
      e = 0;
      if (c == 'e' || c == 'E') {
            if (!nd && !nz && !nz0) {
                  irv = STRTOG_NoNumber;
                  s = s00;
                  goto ret;
            }
            s00 = s;
            esign = 0;
            switch(c = *++s) {
                  case '-':
                        esign = 1;
                  case '+':
                        c = *++s;
            }
            if (c >= '0' && c <= '9') {
                  while(c == '0')
                        c = *++s;
                  if (c > '0' && c <= '9') {
                        L = c - '0';
                        s1 = s;
                        while((c = *++s) >= '0' && c <= '9')
                              L = 10*L + c - '0';
                        if (s - s1 > 8 || L > 19999)
                              /* Avoid confusion from exponents
                               * so large that e might overflow.
                               */
                              e = 19999; /* safe for 16 bit ints */
                        else
                              e = (int)L;
                        if (esign)
                              e = -e;
                  }
                  else
                        e = 0;
            }
            else
                  s = s00;
      }
      if (!nd) {
            if (!nz && !nz0) {
#ifdef INFNAN_CHECK
                  /* Check for Nan and Infinity */
                  if (!decpt)
                   switch(c) {
                    case 'i':
                    case 'I':
                        if (match(&s,"nf")) {
                              --s;
                              if (!match(&s,"inity"))
                                    ++s;
                              irv = STRTOG_Infinite;
                              goto infnanexp;
                        }
                        break;
                    case 'n':
                    case 'N':
                        if (match(&s, "an")) {
                              irv = STRTOG_NaN;
                              *expo = fpi->emax + 1;
#ifndef No_Hex_NaN
                              if (*s == '(') /*)*/
                                    irv = hexnan(&s, fpi, bits);
#endif
                              goto infnanexp;
                        }
                  }
#endif /* INFNAN_CHECK */
                  irv = STRTOG_NoNumber;
                  s = s00;
            }
            goto ret;
      }

      irv = STRTOG_Normal;
      e1 = e -= nf;
      rd = 0;
      switch(fpi->rounding & 3) {
        case FPI_Round_up:
            rd = 2 - sign;
            break;
        case FPI_Round_zero:
            rd = 1;
            break;
        case FPI_Round_down:
            rd = 1 + sign;
      }

      /* Now we have nd0 digits, starting at s0, followed by a
       * decimal point, followed by nd-nd0 digits.  The number we're
       * after is the integer represented by those digits times
       * 10**e */

      if (!nd0)
            nd0 = nd;
      k = nd < DBL_DIG + 1 ? nd : DBL_DIG + 1;
      dval(&rv) = y;
      if (k > 9)
            dval(&rv) = tens[k - 9] * dval(&rv) + z;
      bd0 = 0;
      if (nbits <= P && nd <= DBL_DIG) {
            if (!e) {
                  if (rvOK(&rv, fpi, expo, bits, 1, rd, &irv))
                        goto ret;
            }
            else if (e > 0) {
                  if (e <= Ten_pmax) {
                        i = fivesbits[e] + mantbits(&rv) <= P;
                        /* rv = */ rounded_product(dval(&rv), tens[e]);
                        if (rvOK(&rv, fpi, expo, bits, i, rd, &irv))
                              goto ret;
                        e1 -= e;
                        goto rv_notOK;
                  }
                  i = DBL_DIG - nd;
                  if (e <= Ten_pmax + i) {
                        /* A fancier test would sometimes let us do
                         * this for larger i values.
                         */
                        e2 = e - i;
                        e1 -= i;
                        dval(&rv) *= tens[i];
                        /* rv = */ rounded_product(dval(&rv), tens[e2]);
                        if (rvOK(&rv, fpi, expo, bits, 0, rd, &irv))
                              goto ret;
                        e1 -= e2;
                  }
            }
#ifndef Inaccurate_Divide
            else if (e >= -Ten_pmax) {
                  /* rv = */ rounded_quotient(dval(&rv), tens[-e]);
                  if (rvOK(&rv, fpi, expo, bits, 0, rd, &irv))
                        goto ret;
                  e1 -= e;
            }
#endif
      }
 rv_notOK:
      e1 += nd - k;

      /* Get starting approximation = rv * 10**e1 */

      e2 = 0;
      if (e1 > 0) {
            if ( (i = e1 & 15) !=0)
                  dval(&rv) *= tens[i];
            if (e1 &= ~15) {
                  e1 >>= 4;
                  while(e1 >= (1 << (n_bigtens-1))) {
                        e2 += ((word0(&rv) & Exp_mask)
                              >> Exp_shift1) - Bias;
                        word0(&rv) &= ~Exp_mask;
                        word0(&rv) |= Bias << Exp_shift1;
                        dval(&rv) *= bigtens[n_bigtens-1];
                        e1 -= 1 << (n_bigtens-1);
                  }
                  e2 += ((word0(&rv) & Exp_mask) >> Exp_shift1) - Bias;
                  word0(&rv) &= ~Exp_mask;
                  word0(&rv) |= Bias << Exp_shift1;
                  for(j = 0; e1 > 0; j++, e1 >>= 1)
                        if (e1 & 1)
                              dval(&rv) *= bigtens[j];
            }
      }
      else if (e1 < 0) {
            e1 = -e1;
            if ( (i = e1 & 15) !=0)
                  dval(&rv) /= tens[i];
            if (e1 &= ~15) {
                  e1 >>= 4;
                  while(e1 >= (1 << (n_bigtens-1))) {
                        e2 += ((word0(&rv) & Exp_mask)
                              >> Exp_shift1) - Bias;
                        word0(&rv) &= ~Exp_mask;
                        word0(&rv) |= Bias << Exp_shift1;
                        dval(&rv) *= tinytens[n_bigtens-1];
                        e1 -= 1 << (n_bigtens-1);
                  }
                  e2 += ((word0(&rv) & Exp_mask) >> Exp_shift1) - Bias;
                  word0(&rv) &= ~Exp_mask;
                  word0(&rv) |= Bias << Exp_shift1;
                  for(j = 0; e1 > 0; j++, e1 >>= 1)
                        if (e1 & 1)
                              dval(&rv) *= tinytens[j];
            }
      }
      rvb = d2b(dval(&rv), &rve, &rvbits);      /* rv = rvb * 2^rve */
      rve += e2;
      if ((j = rvbits - nbits) > 0) {
            rshift(rvb, j);
            rvbits = nbits;
            rve += j;
      }
      bb0 = 0;    /* trailing zero bits in rvb */
      e2 = rve + rvbits - nbits;
      if (e2 > fpi->emax + 1)
            goto huge;
      rve1 = rve + rvbits - nbits;
      if (e2 < (emin = fpi->emin)) {
            denorm = 1;
            j = rve - emin;
            if (j > 0) {
                  rvb = lshift(rvb, j);
                  rvbits += j;
            }
            else if (j < 0) {
                  rvbits += j;
                  if (rvbits <= 0) {
                        if (rvbits < -1) {
 ufl:
                              rvb->wds = 0;
                              rvb->x[0] = 0;
                              *expo = emin;
                              irv = STRTOG_Underflow | STRTOG_Inexlo;
                              goto ret;
                        }
                        rvb->x[0] = rvb->wds = rvbits = 1;
                  }
                  else
                        rshift(rvb, -j);
            }
            rve = rve1 = emin;
            if (sudden_underflow && e2 + 1 < emin)
                  goto ufl;
      }

      /* Now the hard part -- adjusting rv to the correct value.*/

      /* Put digits into bd: true value = bd * 10^e */

      bd0 = s2b(s0, nd0, nd, y, dplen);

      for(;;) {
            bd = Balloc(bd0->k);
            Bcopy(bd, bd0);
            bb = Balloc(rvb->k);
            Bcopy(bb, rvb);
            bbbits = rvbits - bb0;
            bbe = rve + bb0;
            bs = i2b(1);

            if (e >= 0) {
                  bb2 = bb5 = 0;
                  bd2 = bd5 = e;
            }
            else {
                  bb2 = bb5 = -e;
                  bd2 = bd5 = 0;
            }
            if (bbe >= 0)
                  bb2 += bbe;
            else
                  bd2 -= bbe;
            bs2 = bb2;
            j = nbits + 1 - bbbits;
            i = bbe + bbbits - nbits;
            if (i < emin)     /* denormal */
                  j += i - emin;
            bb2 += j;
            bd2 += j;
            i = bb2 < bd2 ? bb2 : bd2;
            if (i > bs2)
                  i = bs2;
            if (i > 0) {
                  bb2 -= i;
                  bd2 -= i;
                  bs2 -= i;
            }
            if (bb5 > 0) {
                  bs = pow5mult(bs, bb5);
                  bb1 = mult(bs, bb);
                  Bfree(bb);
                  bb = bb1;
            }
            bb2 -= bb0;
            if (bb2 > 0)
                  bb = lshift(bb, bb2);
            else if (bb2 < 0)
                  rshift(bb, -bb2);
            if (bd5 > 0)
                  bd = pow5mult(bd, bd5);
            if (bd2 > 0)
                  bd = lshift(bd, bd2);
            if (bs2 > 0)
                  bs = lshift(bs, bs2);
            asub = 1;
            inex = STRTOG_Inexhi;
            delta = diff(bb, bd);
            if (delta->wds <= 1 && !delta->x[0])
                  break;
            dsign = delta->sign;
            delta->sign = finished = 0;
            L = 0;
            i = cmp(delta, bs);
            if (rd && i <= 0) {
                  irv = STRTOG_Normal;
                  if ( (finished = dsign ^ (rd&1)) !=0) {
                        if (dsign != 0) {
                              irv |= STRTOG_Inexhi;
                              goto adj1;
                        }
                        irv |= STRTOG_Inexlo;
                        if (rve1 == emin)
                              goto adj1;
                        for(i = 0, j = nbits; j >= ULbits;
                                    i++, j -= ULbits) {
                              if (rvb->x[i] & ALL_ON)
                                    goto adj1;
                        }
                        if (j > 1 && lo0bits(rvb->x + i) < j - 1)
                              goto adj1;
                        rve = rve1 - 1;
                        rvb = set_ones(rvb, rvbits = nbits);
                        break;
                  }
                  irv |= dsign ? STRTOG_Inexlo : STRTOG_Inexhi;
                  break;
            }
            if (i < 0) {
                  /* Error is less than half an ulp -- check for
                   * special case of mantissa a power of two.
                   */
                  irv = dsign
                        ? STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexlo
                        : STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexhi;
                  if (dsign || bbbits > 1 || denorm || rve1 == emin)
                        break;
                  delta = lshift(delta,1);
                  if (cmp(delta, bs) > 0) {
                        irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexlo;
                        goto drop_down;
                  }
                  break;
            }
            if (i == 0) {
                  /* exactly half-way between */
                  if (dsign) {
                        if (denorm && all_on(rvb, rvbits)) {
                              /*boundary case -- increment exponent*/
                              rvb->wds = 1;
                              rvb->x[0] = 1;
                              rve = emin + nbits - (rvbits = 1);
                              irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexhi;
                              denorm = 0;
                              break;
                        }
                        irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexlo;
                  }
                  else if (bbbits == 1) {
                        irv = STRTOG_Normal;
 drop_down:
                        /* boundary case -- decrement exponent */
                        if (rve1 == emin) {
                              irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexhi;
                              if (rvb->wds == 1 && rvb->x[0] == 1)
                                    sudden_underflow = 1;
                              break;
                        }
                        rve -= nbits;
                        rvb = set_ones(rvb, rvbits = nbits);
                        break;
                  }
                  else
                        irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexhi;
                  if ((bbbits < nbits && !denorm) || !(rvb->x[0] & 1))
                        break;
                  if (dsign) {
                        rvb = increment(rvb);
                        j = kmask & (ULbits - (rvbits & kmask));
                        if (hi0bits(rvb->x[rvb->wds - 1]) != j)
                              rvbits++;
                        irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexhi;
                  }
                  else {
                        if (bbbits == 1)
                              goto undfl;
                        decrement(rvb);
                        irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexlo;
                  }
                  break;
            }
            if ((dval(&adj) = ratio(delta, bs)) <= 2.) {
 adj1:
                  inex = STRTOG_Inexlo;
                  if (dsign) {
                        asub = 0;
                        inex = STRTOG_Inexhi;
                  }
                  else if (denorm && bbbits <= 1) {
 undfl:
                        rvb->wds = 0;
                        rve = emin;
                        irv = STRTOG_Underflow | STRTOG_Inexlo;
                        break;
                  }
                  adj0 = dval(&adj) = 1.;
            }
            else {
                  adj0 = dval(&adj) *= 0.5;
                  if (dsign) {
                        asub = 0;
                        inex = STRTOG_Inexlo;
                  }
                  if (dval(&adj) < 2147483647.) {
                        L = adj0;
                        adj0 -= L;
                        switch(rd) {
                          case 0:
                              if (adj0 >= .5)
                                    goto inc_L;
                              break;
                          case 1:
                              if (asub && adj0 > 0.)
                                    goto inc_L;
                              break;
                          case 2:
                              if (!asub && adj0 > 0.) {
 inc_L:
                                    L++;
                                    inex = STRTOG_Inexact - inex;
                              }
                        }
                        dval(&adj) = L;
                  }
            }
            y = rve + rvbits;

            /* adj *= ulp(&rv); */
            /* if (asub) rv -= adj; else rv += adj; */

            if (!denorm && rvbits < nbits) {
                  rvb = lshift(rvb, j = nbits - rvbits);
                  rve -= j;
                  rvbits = nbits;
            }
            ab = d2b(dval(&adj), &abe, &abits);
            if (abe < 0)
                  rshift(ab, -abe);
            else if (abe > 0)
                  ab = lshift(ab, abe);
            rvb0 = rvb;
            if (asub) {
                  /* rv -= adj; */
                  j = hi0bits(rvb->x[rvb->wds-1]);
                  rvb = diff(rvb, ab);
                  k = rvb0->wds - 1;
                  if (denorm)
                        /* do nothing */;
                  else if (rvb->wds <= k
                        || hi0bits( rvb->x[k]) >
                           hi0bits(rvb0->x[k])) {
                        /* unlikely; can only have lost 1 high bit */
                        if (rve1 == emin) {
                              --rvbits;
                              denorm = 1;
                        }
                        else {
                              rvb = lshift(rvb, 1);
                              --rve;
                              --rve1;
                              L = finished = 0;
                        }
                  }
            }
            else {
                  rvb = sum(rvb, ab);
                  k = rvb->wds - 1;
                  if (k >= rvb0->wds
                   || hi0bits(rvb->x[k]) < hi0bits(rvb0->x[k])) {
                        if (denorm) {
                              if (++rvbits == nbits)
                                    denorm = 0;
                        }
                        else {
                              rshift(rvb, 1);
                              rve++;
                              rve1++;
                              L = 0;
                        }
                  }
            }
            Bfree(ab);
            Bfree(rvb0);
            if (finished)
                  break;

            z = rve + rvbits;
            if (y == z && L) {
                  /* Can we stop now? */
                  tol = dval(&adj) * 5e-16; /* > max rel error */
                  dval(&adj) = adj0 - .5;
                  if (dval(&adj) < -tol) {
                        if (adj0 > tol) {
                              irv |= inex;
                              break;
                        }
                  }
                  else if (dval(&adj) > tol && adj0 < 1. - tol) {
                        irv |= inex;
                        break;
                  }
            }
            bb0 = denorm ? 0 : trailz(rvb);
            Bfree(bb);
            Bfree(bd);
            Bfree(bs);
            Bfree(delta);
      }
      if (!denorm && (j = nbits - rvbits)) {
            if (j > 0)
                  rvb = lshift(rvb, j);
            else
                  rshift(rvb, -j);
            rve -= j;
      }
      *expo = rve;
      Bfree(bb);
      Bfree(bd);
      Bfree(bs);
      Bfree(bd0);
      Bfree(delta);
      if (rve > fpi->emax) {
            switch(fpi->rounding & 3) {
              case FPI_Round_near:
                  goto huge;
              case FPI_Round_up:
                  if (!sign)
                        goto huge;
                  break;
              case FPI_Round_down:
                  if (sign)
                        goto huge;
            }
            /* Round to largest representable magnitude */
            Bfree(rvb);
            rvb = 0;
            irv = STRTOG_Normal | STRTOG_Inexlo;
            *expo = fpi->emax;
            b = bits;
            be = b + ((fpi->nbits + 31) >> 5);
            while(b < be)
                  *b++ = -1;
            if ((j = fpi->nbits & 0x1f))
                  *--be >>= (32 - j);
            goto ret;
 huge:
            rvb->wds = 0;
            irv = STRTOG_Infinite | STRTOG_Overflow | STRTOG_Inexhi;
            SET_ERRNO(ERANGE);
 infnanexp:
            *expo = fpi->emax + 1;
      }
 ret:
      if (denorm) {
            if (sudden_underflow) {
                  rvb->wds = 0;
                  irv = STRTOG_Underflow | STRTOG_Inexlo;
                  SET_ERRNO(ERANGE);
            }
            else  {
                  irv = (irv & ~STRTOG_Retmask) |
                        (rvb->wds > 0 ? STRTOG_Denormal : STRTOG_Zero);
                  if (irv & STRTOG_Inexact) {
                        irv |= STRTOG_Underflow;
                        SET_ERRNO(ERANGE);
                  }
            }
      }
      if (se)
            *se = (char *)s;
      if (sign)
            irv |= STRTOG_Neg;
      if (rvb) {
            copybits(bits, nbits, rvb);
            Bfree(rvb);
      }
      return irv;
}

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